How to teach and more.


“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
 Nelson Mandela

In this section I am going to explain what we have worked in the first unit at the university, the things I am going to speak about are:

How to teach children

From Reading to writing

Talking about the multiple intelligences


1. How to teach children

It is very important to create optimal conditions for children’s learning. That is why Carol Read speaks about the C-Wheel.


That is about the child and the child’s learning. Taking into account different aspects:

Context: That should be natural and real. The context can make them feel secure and if they feel secure they will involucrate themselves in the learning process.

Connections: To other areas. To everything. And more nowadays that life is about being connecting with everything. Showing many different things trough a little content or activity.

Coherence: trying to ensure that the reasons for doing things are perceived as relevant and worthwhile we can have very good results with children; even with adults. And I think about this aspects that when something works with adults with children even more.

Challenge: creating needs to achieve a balance between linguistic and cognitive challenge. They need to have challenges to feel confident and see that they can achieve whatever they want.

Curiosity: Making the learning interesting. Trying to create intrigue in the class. Catching their attention with this.

Care: Achieving children’s confidence through positive language and treating them as individuals is very important to get what we need from them and a big part of the job is in adult’s hands.

Community: Children need to participate and feel as an active member of a community, we are socials and we are constantly in relation with people. We need to create situations for relations and a good atmosphere. Children need to learn how important is to share and learn with people of your social group.

Creativity: We need to introduce activities for developing this skills in children. It is fundamental.

You can find more information here:

2. From Reading to writing There are different ways of learning, and one of the most important is connecting children with the natural word. Life experiences through interesting activities may have a good result.

  • First of all we are going to speak about sight words,  a sight word is a word that is recognized as a whole, just on sight.

– Some of them are not phonically produced words, words that are pronounced different from how they are written. For example: father, one or are. – Other sight words are those that we say very often, like: With, the or and. – And then we have those words that make people having a special interest in them, that words are words related to special topics, stories, or tales. We can select some tips for teaching children that sight words, pay attention to this words:

  • Context (foto de la lista de la clase donde ven que cada uno tiene su numero)
  • Hear and say ( cuando los repetimos)
  • Context vs Isolation (los numerous solos)

Apart from that, we should also introduce some games and good activities, you can find some of them in the section of “materials”

  • How to learn new vocabulary:

imagesGN33XNVW      A Word Wall can be fantastic.

semantic mapping

  A semantic mapping

class dictionary             We can create a class dictionaryword building 3

Word building activities and games

  • How to work the reading comprehension:

The essence of reading is the reading comprehension, if you don’t understand what you are reading and if you don’t get what words pretend to teach you, reading doesn’t worthwhile. There are two different approaches, some people defend that you get the meaning through the small units of the texts (linear approach) and others who think that the paragraph is the basic unit of the text.

3. Talking about the multiple intelligences

I really love talking about multiple intelligences, because I really believe that each of us is good at something and the only thing that we sometimes need is a little push to bright on it.

If we consider that there are 8 different intelligences that is not possible to say that a person is not intelligent, because intelligence is not only about maths and science. It is common to speak about intelligent people just thinking of their academic results, but… let’s think about people:

Do you think Rafa Nadal is an intelligent person? And what about Beatrix Potter? Albert Einstein? Quino? Monserrat Caballé?

Normally people relate with intelligence those who have something to do with fisics, maths or biology. But the real approach is to think that each of them are intelligent in their way.

There are eight different intelligences and we are going to explain each of them:


(Click on it to see it properly)

Linguistic intelligence:

Some people are good at: reading, memorizing, playing word games, making up rhymes, puns, using the internet.

We can say that those people are very intelligent linguistically speaking. An example is: Beatrix Potter. And here you have some activities that can help children developing this intelligence or wide it if they already have the intelligence:


Learning the alphabet can be fun  and a goal for them.




Soup words


Texts with Little images.

Logical/Mathematical intelligence:

Recording information systematically, setting up the experiments, playing strategy games, analyzing data, asking logical questions, using the internet… are some of the things where that kind of intelligent people is good at. Einstein is a clear example of it.

Some activities:

ac matematicas

act matematicas

Clasifying shapes



Spatial intelligence:

Studying pictures, watching video, using visual and tangible aids, doing mazes, puzzles, making predictions and using the internet are the skills we can find in people who bright with this kind of intelligence.

Here there are beautiful ideas:




Finding ways


Doing puzles



 Kinesthetic intelligence:

Those people is brilliant doing role games, constructing physical examples, exercising while review, visiting museums and institutions, parks and asking logical questions. An example is Quino.



using tools ki

Using tolos


Doing sport



Musical intelligence:

Listening to recordings, talking to yourself, making up songs, mentally repeating information, reading aloud and changing tempo are only a few things that musically intelligent people enjoy and do it well.


To play instruments


Reading penthagrams and knowing and creating rhimes

Interpersonal intelligence:

This intelligence is about how people is in contact with other people and the context, studyng in groups, comparing information with others, interviewing experts, relating personal experiences, being a team player and doing cooperative projects are related with the interpersonal intelligence.

Intrapersonal intelligence:

People who learn better by avoiding distractions, establishing personal goals, Playing solitary games, setting own pace, working alone and relating personal experiences are the ones that are brilliant in this intelligence.

Naturalistic intelligence:

Studying outside, learning in the presence of plants and pets, relating environmental issues to topics, smelling, seeing touching, tasting, and observing natural phenomenon are the things that better fix with the people that is intelligent in this field.


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